The Skyscraper Museum is devoted to the study of high-rise building, past, present, and future. The Museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence. This site will look better in a browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or Internet device.
Begun in the late 1960s with landfill from the excavations of the World Trade Center, Battery Park City was developed according to an evolving series of master plans and built largely in the 1980s and 1990s. Today, its 92 acres have been almost fully built out as a mixed-use community with a north and south residential neighborhood set within landscaped public parks and a commercial core of skyscrapers, the World Financial Center.
In 2000, the Hugh L. Carey Battery Park City Authority (BPCA), the New York State authority that oversees the development and operation of Battery Park City, instituted mandatory green guidelines for all new residential buildings. The first to be erected under these standards for design, construction, and operation was the Solaire in the north neighborhood. Completed in 2003, it was the first green apartment building in the United States and won Gold LEED status and numerous international awards. Just to the west, the second building completed under the guidelines was Tribeca Green, designed by Robert A.M. Stern and Associates for The Related Companies. On a neighboring block is the third building, the Verdesian, built by the same developer and architect as the Solaire, the Albanese Organization and Rafael Pelli of Pelli Clarke Pelli. The last remaining residential site in the north neighborhood, now under construction, is One River Terrace, designed by Polshek and Partners and developed by The Sheldrake Organization.
The tendency in the newest buildings has been to develop condominiums--apartments purchased by the residents--rather than rental units. This is the model at One River Terrace, as well as the 35-story Millennium Tower Residences designed by Handel Architects for Millennium Partners, which is rising just north of the Museum. This switch to offering ownership rather than rental units suggests that "green" has become an attractive sales feature.
The last commercial site in Battery Park City, just north of World Financial Center, is being developed as the Goldman Sachs New World Headquarters, a 43-story, 1.6 million sq. ft. tower designed by Pei Cobb Freed and Partners. Now under construction, the Goldman Sachs building is expected to win Gold LEED certification when completed in 2009-10.
Battery Park City represents both poles of "visionary to vernacular" of the exhibition's title. The policy decision by the BPCA to require all new development to follow green guidelines has created a community without precedent in the U.S., and its success has demonstrated its market viability. Green technologies such as photo-voltaic panels and gray-water recycling have been encouraged, but the use of conventional "brick and block" construction--a reinforced concrete structure with cinder block infill and brick facade--means that these residential buildings could easily be replicated in other locations. Design in Battery Park City is regulated by rules and reviews intended to produce a harmonious character. Some favor and others critique the calculated conformity, but one result is a neighborhood "vernacular" that clearly distinguishes the waterfront neighborhood from the surrounding city.