The Skyscraper Museum is devoted to the study of high-rise building, past, present, and future. The Museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence. This site will look better in a browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or Internet device.

23/63 WALL STREET: THE CORNER OF CAPITAL

23-63 wall interior

The intersection of Wall and Broad streets, with Nassau Street continuing north, has been the magnetic center of the financial district since the mid 19th century. The buildings and institutions that set the status of the place were the New York Stock Exchange, since 1865 based only a few steps from the corner, but on Broad Street; Federal Hall, which was erected as the U. S. Custom House from 1833-1842 and became the U. S. Sub-Treasury in 1862, when millions in gold and silver were held in its vaults; and the headquarters of J. P. Morgan & Co., long the country's most powerful investment bank, which occupied the address 23 Wall Street, known simply as "the Corner" in the current building from its completion in 1914 until 1989. Before constructing its 3-story limestone monument with its chamfered corner entrance, J. P. Morgan occupied space in the 6-story Drexel Building (completed 1873), so one exceptionally unusual aspect of the 1914 building was the fact that a shorter building replaced a taller one, contradicting the cardinal rule of Wall Street development.




23-63 wall interior
Case background image, Collection of The Skyscraper Museum.

The view from on high-- the boardroom or corner office-- holds as much the prestige as a prime address on Wall Street. The photograph on the back on this case captures the view from the top floor of 63 Wall in the early 1930s, looking north past the tower of 40 Wall, to the white Woolworth Building, world's tallest in 1913, and to the silhouette of the Empire State Building in midtown.

23-63 wall interior

The framed photographs of lower Manhattan were taken in 1912 from the top floor of the newly completed Bankers Trust tower at 14 Wall.  Looking south to the harbor, the buildings on Broad Street and near the waterfront are low-rise. Below, looking northwest are the tall towers that line Broadway, at center, the Singer Building and its wrap-around neighbor the City Investing Company Building, which on their joint completion in 1908 were the tallest and largest (in volume) office buildings in the world. 

23-63 wall interior
63 Wall Street Marketing Brochure: Sixty-three Wall Street, HRH Construction Collection, The Skyscraper Museum.

23-63 wall interior
Page reproduction from the Starrett Job Book, Gift of HRH Construction.

23-63 wall interior
Top: Drawing of 23 Wall Street, pg. 9, From Sheep Pasture to Skyscraper. Reginald Pelham Bolton. Equitable Trust Co., 1926. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum.
Bottom: The specimen stock certificate, reproduced from the collection of Mark Tomasko, depicts "The Corner" headquarters of J. P. Morgan & Co.









































NEXT: VIEWS OF WALL STREET BETWEEN BROAD AND WILLIAM STREETS

Pre-1850 History of Wall Street
Dutch Origins
New Amsterdam: The Castello Plan
British New York
Early 18th Century
The Slave Market
City Hall
East River Commerce
Fire of 1776
Trinity Churches
Mansions and Banks
Wall Street in 1825
The Great Fire of 1835
Customs House and Merchants Exchange
A Street of Banks
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 South
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 North
New York in 1850
Fortune 1930
Monuments of Wall Street
Early Photographs of Wall Street
Vertical Wall Street
SOUTH SIDE:
1 Wall Street
23 and 63 Wall Street
Unbuilt Stock Exchange
NORTH SIDE:
14 Wall Street
40 Wall Street
60 Wall Street
120 Wall Street
1928-1931 Towers
East River End
Historical Land Maps