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dutch origins
Top: I. N. Phelps Stokes, The Iconography of Manhattan Island, Volume 1, PL 1. Retrieved from

Bottom: David T. Valentine, History of the City of New York, 1853, pg. 70.

First "discovered" by Henry Hudson in 1609, the island of Manhattan was explored for the States General of the Dutch Republic between 1611 and 1614 by private commercial companies, most notably the Dutch East India Company. Manhattan was chosen as the optimal location for a permanent settlement of the newly-formed Dutch West India Company, and in 1625, Fort Amsterdam was constructed at the southern tip of the island.

One of the earliest depictions of the Dutch colony, the top image was drawn by surveyor Cryn Fredericksz to show the investors in Amsterdam a vision for the town, rather than its actual layout. The topography of the area is inverted, due, perhaps, to the use of a camera obscura, showing the Fort on what seems to be the east side of the island. Native Americans appear in primitive long boats in contrast to the larger Dutch ships.

Drawn by the well-known 19th century lithographer George Hayward, the lower image shows New Amsterdam from the harbor in 1667, after British forces captured the island. Gabled rooflines cluster along the East River, with a windmill turning in the distance. Streaming inland is a canal that occupied modern Broad Street. A bastion of defense that would eventually become Wall Street can be seen towards the north edge of town at the right side of the image.


Pre-1850 History of Wall Street
Dutch Origins
New Amsterdam: The Castello Plan
British New York
Early 18th Century
The Slave Market
City Hall
East River Commerce
Fire of 1776
Trinity Churches
Mansions and Banks
Wall Street in 1825
The Great Fire of 1835
Customs House and Merchants Exchange
A Street of Banks
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 South
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 North
New York in 1850
Fortune 1930
Monuments of Wall Street
Early Photographs of Wall Street
Vertical Wall Street
1 Wall Street
23 and 63 Wall Street
Unbuilt Stock Exchange
14 Wall Street
40 Wall Street
60 Wall Street
120 Wall Street
1928-1931 Towers
East River End
Historical Land Maps