The Skyscraper Museum is devoted to the study of high-rise building, past, present, and future. The Museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence. This site will look better in a browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or Internet device.


wall street in 1860s
Reproduced from King's Views of the New York Stock Exchange(1897) and Valentine's Manual of Old New York, 1922, p. 185.

These early photographs show Wall Street in the 1860s. Lining the north side of the street (top image) were important institutions, including the near-twin Greek Revival Merchant's Bank at 40 Wall and the Bank of America at 44 Wall, and the ornate four-story Bank of New York, across William Street at 48 Wall. [Click here to see the progression of the block from 30 and 40 Wall Street east to William Street.] The whole south side of the street, seen below in a photograph of 1864, had been rebuilt with commercial structures following the Great Fire of 1835 and was dominated by the five-story Mechanics Bank (1855) by architect Richard Upjohn and the monumental colonnade of the 1842 Merchants Exchange.

Below, a photograph shows the southwest corner of Wall and Broad streets in 1885, with the old buildings just beginning to be demolished. The narrow corner lot, the first home of the Western Union Company, had been purchased by Matthew Wilks, a great-grandson of John Jacob Astor, for $168,000 in 1882, then the highest price ever paid for Manhattan real estate at slightly more than $330 per square foot. The new ten-story Wilks Building designed by Charles W. Clinton was completed in 1890; it was demolished in 1920 for the Annex building of the New York Stock Exchange.

wall street in 1860s
Wall St. south side around 1864, pg. 81, King's Views of NYSE 1897-1898.
Collection of The Skyscraper Museum


Pre-1850 History of Wall Street
Dutch Origins
New Amsterdam: The Castello Plan
British New York
Early 18th Century
The Slave Market
City Hall
East River Commerce
Fire of 1776
Trinity Churches
Mansions and Banks
Wall Street in 1825
The Great Fire of 1835
Customs House and Merchants Exchange
A Street of Banks
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 South
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 North
New York in 1850
Fortune 1930
Monuments of Wall Street
Early Photographs of Wall Street
Vertical Wall Street
1 Wall Street
23 and 63 Wall Street
Unbuilt Stock Exchange
14 Wall Street
40 Wall Street
60 Wall Street
120 Wall Street
1928-1931 Towers
East River End
Historical Land Maps